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general view

Geographical location
the area of San Marino (61 km²) has the form of an irregular square; is predominantly hilly and culminates in the Monte Titano. (degree of latitude: 43°, 56', 06' '; Degree of longitude east of Greenwich: 12°, 26', 56' '; Height of 750 m ue.d.M.; Distance of the Adriati sea: 10 km air line). The country borders on the two Italian regions Emilia Romagna in the northeast and march (historical term for the border regions of an empire) Montefeltro in the southwest.

the climate is moderate, in the winter as in the summer without extreme temperatures. (Annual average: 16°C; in winter 10°C to -2°C with rare peak values around -6°C; in spring 12°C to 24°C, in summer 20°C to 30°C with rare peak values around 35°C; in autumn 20°C to 10°C).


  • San Marino does not have any natural resources. A majority of the county's area is used to cultivate agriculture and forestry, there is a constant increases in the settlement density. In former times agriculture, cattle breeding and the use of the native quarries constituted the most important contribution for the economics of the small republic. During the sixties the agricultural activity decreased and there began a rapid upswing of industry, handicraft and trade, not least due to the increasing inflow of tourists. Today grain, wine and fruit are still cultivated in San Marino and cattle and pig breeding have gained additional significance. The most important products of the crafts enterprises and medium-size industry are ceramic products, tiles, furniture, sweet goods and special sweet liqueurs, colors and lacquers, textiles and clothing.

    San Marino has 28,753 inhabitants.In the capital of San Marino the populations is 4,483, in Serravalle 9,265, in Borgo Maggiore 5,916, in Faetano 1.050; in Domagnano 2,651, in Chiesanuova 969, in Acquaviva 1,602, in Fiorentino 2,031 and in Montegiardino 786 (as of December 31, 2002).


    National language
    The national language is Italian, but the active tourism and the extensive international connections ensured that each citizen; with the tourism to do vocationally, at least one other foreign language (French, English or German) controlled correctly. In addition strongly common, particularly under the older generations, a romagnolischer dialect, which is affected however partly also by that of the nearby marks, is.

    Central European time.

    General the eurois used as currency. Since 1972 coin/shape San Marino after a 34 year interruption also again different own coins (lire and euro of San Marino), which are very much in demand under collecting tanks. Of importance the resumption of the coinage of gold coins is in the year 1974; these are recognized however only on the national territory of San Marino as currencies.

    Legal Holidays
    January, 1 (New Years Day), January, 6 (Feast of Epiphany), February, 5 (anniversary of the release of the Republic from occupation by Cardinal Alberoni and celebration of the Holy Agathe), March, 19 (Day of the Holy Joseph), 3 days of Easter, March, 25 (anniversary of the Arengo), April, 1 (solemn office introduction of the regents), May, 1 (Labour Day), Feast of Corpus Christi, July, 28 (the end of fascism), August, 15 (Ferragosto/Mariae Ascension Day), September, 3 (celebration of the Holy Marino and the establishment of the Republic of San Marino), October, 1 (solemn office introduction of the regents), November (All Saint's Day), November, 2 (All Soul's Day), December, 8 (Immaculate Conception), December, 24 till 26 (Christmas), December, 31 (New Years Eve).

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